The amazing world of the flying fox fish
Flying fox fish are also known as Epalzeorhynchos . Due to its different types, it is sometimes confused. Its classification indicates that it comes from the order Cypriniformes, the Cyprinidae family and the Garrinae subfamily. Its biotope focuses on waters with high amounts of oxygen, streams with rapid courses, and abundant vegetation areas.
General characteristics of the flying fox fish
They can be found most frequently in Asia, specifically in Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Its morphology denotes a fusiform body that exhibits a more flattened ventral appearance, even some of its types are usually more cylindrical. And Its mouth can be seen in a more advanced position, and a pair of Babylons even accompany it. Its dorsal fin is usually high, and that characteristic is what helps it to be very territorial. His eyes are located on the sides.
Regarding its colouration, it can be said that they have a grey-brown background, above it, a horizontal band passes through its entire body until it reaches the final part of the tail of its rear fin. It also has whitish golden outlines that change when it suffers from an illness.
Behaviours and types
They are somewhat violent fish with other species, especially when they are in confined spaces. Females in mating season can even come to confront males, and this fact is notorious since they are larger.
Their life expectancy under normal conditions ranges from 4 to 6 years. If they don’t get sick, they can last even longer; there is no proven data on a specific average yet.
Feeding them is not a problem since they are omnivores; despite them, most experts recommend that a diet be based on living beings such as larvae and algae. They are fed twice a day at most.
When buying a flying fox fish in a store, be careful not to be confused with another of its three variations since the only difference is the dark brown line that crosses its entire body. A very important point to know how to take care of them and add them to other species.
Aquariums for flying fox fish
In general, flying fox fish are very active, this helps them to their optimal condition, and they are an attraction in any aquarium. So that they can be in the best conditions, components are required in the fish tank that we will reveal below.
Aquarium suitable for the flying fox fish
There are several types of aquariums, but the best will always be the one with the largest dimensions, in fact, flying fox fish are very resistant to all kinds of components, but one of the characteristics that makes them sick is the lack of space. The aquarium should preferably be made of resistant glass and with a soft bottom full of components.
The ideal size for an aquarium for this type of fish does not really exist. Its dimensions are related to the amount of fish you want to have, and if they will coexist with other fish that are territorial. However, it is recommended that a minimum length of 70 cm be used.
Once the dimensions and the material have been chosen, extreme care must be taken with the type of water and its temperature. The temperature should be between 20 and 27 ° C. The hardness of the water can be between the ranges of 5 and 12 ° GH.
When the fish has left the store, and you are about to enter its new home, try to enter it with a closed bag and leave it there for about 20 minutes. This process will help it adjust to the new temperature.
These are fish with somewhat aggressive behaviour, so the aquarium should be decorated with algae and corners where they can spend time. Natural stones come in handy since they like to mark territory and in general, when they find them, they are a distraction for them.
The aquarium must have two heating rods that serve to measure the temperature and maintain a relationship during all times of the year. Remember that for the winter months the temperature must increase. With these tips, the health and sociability of flying fox fish should not have any problems.
Flying fox fish diseases
Flying fox fish are not prone to disease as frequently as other similar species. However, if it is kept in inadequate conditions, it can present some signs that show discomfort and in the medium term cause a physiological alteration in your body.
What diseases does the flying fox fish suffer from
When flying fox fish get stressed, they have been observed to become ill. The stress in them occurs due to overcrowding in the aquarium, not having a partner to procreate, inadequate feeding or due to lack of space.
Most of the conditions that occur in a flying fox fish are the latter, due to lack of space. Because they are very active, they require a space where they can navigate. Being restricted, stress begins to accumulate to the point of becoming ill.
When they are already affected, they begin to show a lightened black band colour, and therefore the entire black band turns pale. To notice it, it must be taken into account that in general, the normal colour is a combination between the light brown tone on the back and the white tone in the ventral area.
The colour can also change when they are scared; the reasons can be when they have changed aquarium or when new fish are incorporated into their environment. Therefore, it should not be of greater concern to see them in this tone when the two previous cases occur.
Tips to take care of your health
The advantage of flying fox fish is that they are very resistant, most of the signs are from normal changes in their environment and that they only require a gradual observation.
To prevent them from getting sick, it is recommended that the temperature of the aquarium be kept between 24 ° and 26 ° C, they can resist more degrees, but in times of reproduction, this factor damages them. The PH should also be the ideal (6.5) more of it can reduce your appetite and therefore, your defences go down.
The behaviour is also another factor to take into account. Generally, the flying fox fish is very active and stays in the lower area of the tank. When he is shy or very hidden, it can be a sign of exhaustion, and all the components of his environment will have to be evaluated to discover if he is suffering from any condition.
Types of flying fox fish
This is one of the causes that generate the most confusion since when a flying fox fish is bought in the store in general, it is often confused with a false fox, Siamensis or a Claw. All three belong to the same genus but with different characteristics that at first glance may seem the same.
Differences in the types of flying fox fish
It eats Siamese algae: this is also known as Crossocheilus siamensis, it is called like that since it has the peculiarity of eating algae and little of other foods, it is even capable of ingesting filamentous and red-bearded algae. This fish can live alone or with another type of species that is of peaceful behaviour. When it grows, it widens to the height of the fin, which it does at the same time.
Siamese flying fox: it can be noticed since it is not very refined to the consumption of algae, especially the red-bearded and the filamentous. Another of its characteristics is that among the other types, this is the least sociable and likes to swim only in the lower part of the aquariums. It should be mentioned that it is also the most aggressive, which is why it is considered highly territorial.
False Flying Fox: this is also known as Claw, it eats algae but less the red ones. His character changes over the years, the more he grows, the more aggressive he becomes. He is even aggressive with his species, and only with females is he peaceful when the mating season arrives. If you are not careful when buying it and let yourself live with one of the other two types, the end can be fatal, this because all three are aggressive and territorial so they will confront each other until they die.
It eats Siamese algae: it has black colour in the longitudinal band, which reaches the fin’s tail. As it enters said fin, its thickness decreases, and a spearhead appears.
Siamese flying fox: its longitudinal band is black and also reaches the end of the tail, but it does not diminish in thickness.
False Flying Fox: it is easy to discover because it is the only one that lacks a longitudinal band on its fin.
Flying fox fish feeding
Flying fox fish are in the category of omnivores; what does this mean? Well, they can eat just about everything from plants, vegetables, and processed meats. Despite this, it is recommended to carry out some diet selection and application processes to keep them healthy.
What does the flying fox fish eat?
Being omnivores, they can eat various foods, but it is recommended that their diet be more vegetation oriented. Most aquariums recommend that it be fed with algae, insect larvae, small crustaceans, among others.
For the development of its colours and its optimal condition, it is recommended to give live food meals that have been frozen. The options that apply to this tip are Daphnia, Artemia and the worm. The diet is improved by adding small amounts of dry flakes, dry plant material and some granules.
There are more options such as pea without the shell, spinach that has been blanched, cucumber and chopped fruit. It is important to define a menu that can be given to them every day; in this way, infections are avoided since they are usually sensitive.
How to feed them
Established the menu of their food in the daily diet, it must be thrown into the fish tank. In general, the fish will rise to a medium height to eat it. Because when they eat, they tend to be more aggressive to take care of their food, it is recommended to spread the food all over the area possible.
The worms are ideal in times of their mating since like all omnivorous fish, the flying fox fish likes to catch them on its own although it never despises a processed food. The worm should be given once a day until the process is complete, after that progressively decrease to avoid getting sick.
Life expectancy is also related to the diet that is being given. It has been proven that when they consume more plants and vegetables, they can live six years, with the rest of the diets they do not have accurate knowledge. It should be mentioned that when the aquarium conditions are not suitable, they tend to reduce their food consumption and therefore tend to get sick more frequently.
Flying fox fish care
The flying fox fish or Epalzeorhynchus, as it is scientifically known, is a species that is repeatedly confused with other fish of the same family, this point must be clarified since otherwise care may be given in the wrong way.
Flying fox fish come from a moderately temperate habitat, so the temperature they should be at is in a range of 24 ° to 26 ° C maximum. Your species is a bit shy, so you must be very careful with the other fish you want to add to the aquarium.
How to care for flying fox fish
Water: in this specific case you should try to keep them in soft water with a GH of 5 ° d and with a PH that does not exceed the 5.6 range, it can even tolerate a few more values , but it is preferable not to do so if you want to have offspring.
Fish tank: it should be in one that has a soft bottom, even better if it has dense vegetation. The space can be large or small, but it is recommended that the capacity be about 80 litres, all with the presence of algae. It should be taken into account that they usually make jumps, so covering the tank is a good idea.
Food: its species is omnivorous so it can consume almost anything. Even so, it is recommended that most of your diet be concentrated in algae as these generate more energy and your average life span increases.
Know their behaviour: flying fox fish are very active and fast, they can even become aggressive with other fish if they approach their navigation area. To avoid these shocks, you can add various components to the tank to help safeguard other species.
Regarding their reproduction, not much data is known; the truth is that females in their adulthood are larger and wider. After this, no major difference is known regarding their sexual morphology. The exact conditions of its maintenance are not known for sure.