Pearlscale goldfish: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More

Pearlscale goldfish

Everything you need to know about the pearlscale goldfish

The pearlscale goldfish are also known as Hama Nishiki fish., a species that first emerged in Japan in 1979. Depending on the care that is given, it can live between 5 and 10 years. It is characterized by having an intensely round, short and compressed body, together with its scales it seems that it will be a golf ball. It has double elastic, except for the back, they are also short and rounded at the tips.

General habitat

As it is a kind of genetic mutation, it has a fairly well-defined biotope. It belongs to the cyprinid family so it requires special care so that its delicate scales do not come off if so, they grow back but flatter so it can affect your swimming. Like all goldfish, it likes to spend most of its time searching for food at the bottom of the water.

pearlscale goldfish have a sociable and peaceful behaviour, so they like to swim in medium current waters so as not to be dragged from one place to another. Be grateful for the company of other specimens because only then do you feel protected and safe. For this reason, it must be raised in an aquarium that meets the needs of this fish, in addition to giving it a balanced diet to develop its immune system quickly.

Due to their vulnerabilities, the water parameters must be adequate since they do not withstand sudden water parameters changes. The ideal is to keep them in neutral waters and surrounded by a lot of vegetation so that they can hide when they want; you can introduce, for example, tall and thin leaves for when the reproduction occurs everything is much easier.

pearlscale goldfish overview

The pearlscale goldfish scales are asymmetrical and bulky in shape, well-aligned, and have a pearly appearance like all pearl scales. Due to the crosses that have now occurred, specimens with a variety of colours can be found, among the most common, white, orange and red stand out. They can reach an approximate size between 10 to 20 centimetres in length.

pearlscale goldfish aquariums

Due to the size that pearlscale goldfish reach, they require a large aquarium, with a good filter and good oxygenation so that they can live for many years. It must be taken into account that they do not support sudden changes in the water parameter, so the filter together with the measurement must have the basic values ​​such as ph: no2 and no3. It is not a recommended fish for beginners due to the care it requires.

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Fish tanks for pearlscale goldfish

The fish tank or aquarium that you are going to acquire for the pearlscale goldfish must support at least 50 litres for each one so that its swim can develop correctly. You must verify that it is not so square to avoid colliding with the corners and detaching their scales. The idea is to buy a round and tall fish tank so that it can be introduced preferably natural floating plants for a perfect slide.

When you already have the fish tank, it is necessary that the water parameters be maintained with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5, and a hardness of 5 to 15 GH. For your body to always feel robust and in perfect condition, the water temperature should be 15 or 25 degrees Celsius, in some cases, this species can perfectly adapt to temperatures ranging from 10 to 29 ° C.

This genus is used to living in small groups, so it is recommended to introduce no more than eight specimens. Because it has a calm and sociable behaviour, it does not attack fish, which is why it must live with species that swim slowly or have low visibility to avoid colliding with each other causing injuries. If they are bigger than this or more abrupt, they can become their food.

Aquarium elements

When it feels stressed or shy, the pearlscale goldfish usually hide among the leaves most of the time, so it is necessary to place natural vegetation inside the aquarium due to its delicate scales that it has on its body. Avoid introducing sharp objects to avoid injuring these fish.

Types of pearlscale goldfish

pearlscale goldfish have a tail fin that has the same characteristics as the traditional Pearl Scale. Its body is quite similar to a golf ball, which is why it is considered a genetically manoeuvred decorative species, in its natural habitat they can measure up to 15 centimetres but in community aquariums, they only grow to 10 or 13 centimetres in length per what should be in a spacious place.

Types of pearlscale goldfish

Within the pearlscale goldfish, we can find a variety of types with similar characteristics. This entire group is very vulnerable, so it is not recommended for those who start with this hobby as they could fail on the first try. Today you can buy specimens with different colouration among the most common we find the following:

Shujin: it is a fish in high demand for its striking characteristics, it is seen very little in aquariums since it is one of the endangered species. It has little diffusion and is originally from Japan, and it also requires special care for its proper development.

Kinranshy: This species is the result of the combination between the ranch and the ryukin. They are not a good swimmer so it must be raised with other species of similar peculiarities to avoid confrontations. At some point, it may suffer from low visibility, so it is necessary to feed it as close as possible and so that others do not gain an advantage.

Watonai: This fish has been developed by the scientific combination between the ryukin and wakin. For this reason, it has a wider body, and its fins are long to facilitate swimming. He likes to live in large aquariums filled with natural vegetation to hide when feeling shy or stressed.

Caring for your species

pearlscale goldfish are prone to swelling of the swim bladder, so it is recommended to give the aquarium a deep cleaning. Their diet should be rich in fibre and low in dry food to prevent residues from getting into the scales or the hood.

pearlscale goldfish hatchlings

pearlscale goldfish come in a variety of colours, the most common of which are red, calico, blue, white, chocolate, orange, and orange with white. Regardless of the colour you choose, they all have the same peculiarities that make it stand out from the other specimens in the aquarium. They are not so demanding. However, they require special care and attention so that their scales cannot come off easily.

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Reproduction of the pearlscale goldfish

The reproduction of pearlscale goldfish occurs through eggs, but before laying, it is necessary to prepare the tank with enough vegetation for the male to build the mating nest. Afterwards, three males and a female are placed to start the courtship; then the male gives some blows to the female’s abdomen to expel the eggs. While the male spawns them, the number of fries can vary between 100 to 200.

The eggs need to be set aside in a separate aquarium to prevent them from being eaten by parents or other genera. Make sure the container has the right temperature and good oxygenation so that the young are born healthy. You must wait approximately 48 hours for these to hatch, after this time the little fish are born, and they themselves feed on their lifetime case.

During the first three days, observing them prevents the scales from their small body from shedding. Feeding should be given short distances since it is up to five days that they develop their swim. After this time, you can feed them the same food as other adults to strengthen their immune system, and their defences are elevated.

Tips for breeding

Breeding the pearlscale goldfish is a bit difficult since, from a young age, the treatment must be precise. Otherwise, they can catch diseases. The most important thing is to make sure that the aquarium has a stable temperature since they are susceptible to rough changes. Likewise, you must make sure that it has enough planting on the sides.

pearlscale goldfish diet

pearlscale goldfish never cease to amaze lovers of this hobby due to their striking body shape. The bulge on the head is divided and filled with water, the stomach is bulging and is covered with scales similar to a sphere that is projected outward as if they were embedded pearls. In order to always stay healthy, you need to eat a diet rich in protein, vitamins and minerals.

What does the pearlscale goldfish eat?

This species belongs to the group of omnivores, so it does not present any difficulty when it comes to feeding; that is, it accepts almost all the meals provided. However, the idea is to give it a large number of vegetables to prevent it from suffering from the swim bladder; you can also combine it with live food such as crustaceans, mosquito larvae, shrimp, brine shrimp, among others.

Before feeding them, prior hydration with the same aquarium water is necessary to prevent the swim bladder from developing. It is better to give them their food only once a day to prevent the pearlscale goldfish from leaving residues in the water, better if it is in the morning or at noon, which is where their appetite is most awakened. In order not to contaminate the food, deep cleaning of the aquarium is required.

It is not good to live with other fish with rough or nervous behaviour as they can gain an advantage when introducing food. As it is a vulnerable fish, it is not recommended for beginners since they may fail on the first attempt, so for this not to happen these fish must be raised by professional people who can give them the attention they deserve.

How to feed them?

At some point in their life, the pearlscale goldfish may have low visibility. Therefore it is advisable to throw the food at a short distance and thus avoid it going unnoticed. With a balanced diet and specialized treatment, we are sure that your fish will always remain robust, active and healthy for which it will thank you forever.

Caring for the pearlscale goldfish

The pearlscale goldfish is one of the most unusual and striking species of the pearl scale. It has a bulge on the head, in most fish, it is divided into two lobes that makes it different from the other pearscale. Depending on him’s care from a young age, he can have a life expectancy of between 5 and 10 years approximately. Most of the time it remains active so it can live with genres of the same characteristic.

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Basic care

pearlscale goldfish are very peaceful, so they do not require as much care; best of all, they do not usually attack their other companions. Living with fry fish is not recommended as at some point they can become your talk of the day. For greater care, it is necessary to keep them in a high and wide aquarium so that they can easily develop their swim.

In a community aquarium, it can grow up to 20 centimetres in length so it must be in a place that meets its needs. In the water, it can appear as if you have a softball because of its physical appearance. It is recommended not to place heavy or pointed items as you may lose some scales from your body; this can make you vulnerable to various diseases.

Because they have a sociable behaviour, they are used to living with 8 or 10 copies, but it is necessary to avoid as much as possible that they are similar to this one to avoid confrontations and that they get injured. When the species loses its scales, they grow back but are flatter, making it difficult to swim. These fish are exposed to developing the condition better known as bladder inflammation, so their maintenance should be the best.

How to care for pearlscale goldfish

To prevent pearlscale goldfish from suffering from this disease, it is important to eat a rich and healthy diet that preferably contains dry food. The ideal is to give them their food at least once or twice a day so that their small organism can digest it correctly; it is also necessary to change the water at least once a week to avoid the creation of pests or bacteria.

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