The pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) is scientifically known as Nannostomus Eques, who is from South America. It is considered a species with a peaceful behaviour and is characterized by having the shape of a pencil, with a small and pointed head, a dorsal and anal fin located opposite each other. Inside the water, they can measure between 5 to 7 centimetres, so they require a wide space and low lighting during the day.
The natural habitat of pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques)
Due to its wide commercialization, the colouring of pencil fish may vary depending on the origin of the specimens acquired. Those distributed within the trade usually have a golden hue along with an elongated strip edged in brown, which gives it its current name. This genre is recommended for beginners because of the little care they require.
It should be taken into account that due to their elongated slim body, they do not support the abrasive change of water, so it is recommended to keep them in fresh water in a tropical climate. In this way, they will remain healthy and robust, depending on the care given to them from when they are small, they can live up to five years. In order for them to be relieved of stress, they need to be surrounded by a lot of natural, fine and shallow vegetation.
The temperature for this species must be between 23 and 28 ° C, and it must have a pH of 6 to 7 and a hardness that must range from 5 ° dGH to 10 ° dGH. To make them feel safe and comfortable while swimming, it is advisable to have a filtration with peat and if you have a filter make sure it is one that generates medium currents so as not to hinder their trip.
The pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) comes from the omnivore family, so it receives all kinds of food. However, you have to try to eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins so that your defences are always high. With a good diet, your immune system will always be protected from any disease that in some cases, can even cause death.
Care for pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques)
The pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) is characterized by being a characid; that is, it comes from the teleostorm family since it does not have an adipose fin. It is originally from South America and is used to living in freshwater. Currently, it has become a very popular species in home aquariums thanks to its striking colour. To keep it for many years, it requires special care for its proper development.
Basic pencil fish care
Pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) are easy to breed, they just need to be kept in a fish tank full of freshwater with plenty of natural vegetation like nooks, stones, logs, plants etc., so they can feel comfortable while swimming. To prevent these fish from stressing the ground, it must be dark, and it is best that they are not exposed to too much light since their eyes are a bit sensitive to clarity.
It is important to change the water from time to time to prevent this species from staining; care must be taken when doing so as they are not used to sudden changes. This will help prevent the accumulation of pests or bacteria that can make the fish sick. The aquarium temperature should be between 23 and 28 ° C along with a pH of 5 to 6, in addition to a DH between 5 to 10.
When buying a pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) in a pet store, it is necessary to buy a copy for every 60 l; you must have at least 6 of them since this genus usually lives in small groups. Inside the water, it can reach a size of up to 7 centimetres, so you need to opt for a tall aquarium that is surrounded by tall and thin leaves to facilitate swimming.
How to care for this species
For the fish to remain robust and with good energy, it is necessary to keep it well fed. Being a descendant of the omnivore family, they can be given fish food which you can buy at any store near your home. Another healthy option is to give them live larvae of insects, shrimp, brine shrimp, mosquitoes, crustaceans, among others.
Pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) feeding
The pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) comes from the omnivore family, so it adapts easily to dried flake foods, although the idea is to eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins, proteins and minerals to strengthen its immune system. For the fish to eat well without getting bored with the routine, it is recommended to complete the diet with live foods such as brine shrimp, daphnia and tubifex. With this, you will achieve a healthy and robust species.
What do pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) eat?
Pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques) have an organism that can easily digest food, so they perfectly accept whatever is given to them. In nature, they are insect-eating species, so they generally eat brine shrimp, daphnia, mosquito larvae, shrimp, crustaceans, insects, Drosophila, among other foods that help increase resistance.
This species has a very peaceful behaviour, so it appreciates the company of other fish of other genera. However, the most advisable thing is that they live with their own species since they are a bit slow when swimming, this means that the consortium of others can steal advantage when eating and they can leave it without feeding.
It is necessary to vary the food to prevent the pencil fish from becoming stuffy and taking away its appetite, in addition, it should be given in small portions at least three times a day since if it is given too often, they can leave food aside for lack of hunger. Food should be given as close as possible to prevent others from coming and taking it away.
How to feed the pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques)
To prevent food from being infected by bacteria or pests accumulated in the habitat, it is important to clean it at least twice a week. This will prevent this species from getting sick from an infection. Remember that food is essential for the survival of fish since it is a source of life and health if you follow the necessary guidelines it can live up to ten years without causing any problems.
Pencil fish hatchlings
The pencil is the name of a freshwater fish from South America, and it is easy to maintain as it does not need too much attention. For its proper development, it only needs to be kept in an aquarium surrounded by tall plants, slightly pointed stones, nooks, trunks, etc. The sex of this gender can be clearly distinguished as the males turn out to be thinner and showier than the females; despite this difference, both are highly preferred.
How the pencil fish reproduce
Regarding the reproduction of pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques), we can mention that it is a bit complicated because after laying its same species eats the eggs to satisfy its nutritional needs. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to raise the aquarium water to 30 ° C so that they spawn below the large and thin leaves, especially so that they reach the surface in groups of three or four.
Once the eggs are laid, the eggs can be removed by separating them from their parents and placed in another tank to ensure their survival, and then you must wait for them to hatch within 24 hours. After this time, the little fish are born, and they begin to swim in the next four days after their birth.
Another option to keep the future brood stable is to opt for a small tank that has a pH of 6.0 along with a hardness of 2 ° dGH and a temperature of 30 ° C to keep the water warm for the eggs. With this, you will get that the laying is on it instead of the leaves; in this case, the laying can be given in groups of only four due to space.
Tips for successful parenting
When the pencil fish hatchling is born, it is important to monitor them continuously for at least the first five days since, due to their size, they are not worthy of themselves. It is recommended for successful breeding to feed them with finely chopped egg yolk, rotifers, infusoria or artemia nauplii. This food will be enough to properly develop your body.
Types of pencil fish
The pencil fish is recommended for people who want to have their own aquarium at home; it is a species that does not need more care and is perfect for populating community aquariums because it is a fairly quiet species. It has the characteristic of living in groups of 6 to 10. And It is also a nocturnal animal that usually hides in its habitat throughout the day and goes out at night to feed.
What types of pencil fish exist.
Within the family of pencil fish (Nannostomus Eques), there are other types of the same species, among them, we find three-banded pencil fish, tube-mouth pencil fish, tube pencil fish and the golden pencil fish. We will learn more about each one below.
- Three-banded pencil fish: This species can live up to three years. It is characterized by having an elongated body; at night, its colour becomes darker and loses its intense cream colouration. It has three black bands above the body that goes from the mouth to the tail fin.
- Golden pencil fish: it is native to South American rivers, so it is used to living in freshwater. Inside an aquarium they can measure up to 16 centimetres, their body is thin and long, it has several teeth, and its mouth is located towards the top.
- Tube pencil fish: it measures approximately 5 centimetres in length and has a wide variety of beautiful colours that stand out in the aquarium and Amazonian. For its proper development, it must live in a conditioner according to its needs.
Recommendations to take care of your types
Before opting for a pencil fish, it is necessary to know some guidelines so as not to fail in the attempt. For them to live healthily, the aquarium must have abundant natural vegetation such as tall plants, little pointed stones, among others so that they can release their stress. It must also have enough water depending on the number of specimens you have and give them special products so that they can have an adequate diet while strengthening their immune system.
Ideal aquariums for pencil fish
Fish are small animals that can become your best human companion. If you want to have your own aquarium at home, your best option is the pencil fish. This species is characterized by having a peaceful behaviour and appreciating other genera’s company, however for its proper development, and it is important to choose an aquarium that meets its needs.
Fish tanks for pencil fish
Now you can find fish tanks of different sizes and styles for your pencil fish, in this case, the ideal is to opt for one that is tall and wide so that they can swim as they please at night. Most of these fish tend to swim with their heads obliquely, that is to say, they look all the time downwards, so you should not place heavy or pointed objects as they can injure any of their fins.
If you want to have this type of species in your aquarium, you need to know that they request a large fish tank to be comfortable, especially when it comes time for egg reproduction. The temperature must be between 24 and 28 ° C since they do not resist sudden changes, in addition, the water must have a pH of 6 to 7, and it must be soft at least 8 to 10 dGh.
If you want to decorate the perfect aquarium, but make sure it has a lot of vegetation like rocks, auks, tall plants and not heavy logs that allow the pencil fish to hide and feed properly. It is also important to know that the stratum for this type of species must be dark with light enough lighting so that they have more confidence in going out during the day.
Items that the fish tank should have
The fish tank for this genre must contain light elements to avoid colliding with an object and injuring themselves. In addition, the water must be sweet with a tropical climate to keep the body of the fish in a suitable environment, in this way it is even achieved that the pencils are less aggressive or that they are easily stressed.